Titanium and titanium alloys such as titanium tubes and titanium rods are used in domestic and foreign applications.
1. Aerospace field
Titanium countries in the aerospace industry are concentrated in Western countries, especially in the United States, and 60% of titanium materials are used in this field. Asian countries, Japan and China have invested about 10% of titanium in this field. However, with the rapid development of Asian aerospace in recent years, the consumption of titanium in the aerospace industry will increase. From a global perspective, the aviation industry plays a decisive role in the titanium market. Historically, the large cycle of the titanium industry has been closely related to the cold and warm of the aviation industry.
2. Civil aircraft
(1) Reduce structural weight and improve structural efficiency
(2) Meet the requirements for use of high temperature parts
(3) Meet the requirements for matching with the composite structure
(4) Meet the requirements of high corrosion resistance and long life
3. Military weapons
The development and procurement of military weapons is constantly moving towards a light and flexible direction. In order to meet the combat performance requirements of fighters, in addition to advanced design techniques, materials with excellent performance and advanced process manufacturing techniques must be used. The large selection of titanium alloys and the improvement of the application level of advanced titanium alloys are one of the important measures.
Since the 1960s, the amount of titanium in foreign military aircraft has increased year by year. The amount of titanium alloy used in various advanced military fighters and bombers designed in Europe and America has been stabilized at more than 20%, and the proportion of titanium used in new models is increasing. Upgrade.
4, the car
Reducing fuel consumption and reducing harmful waste (CO2, NOX, etc.) emissions have become one of the main driving forces and directions for technological advancement in the automotive industry. Studies have shown that lightweighting is an effective measure to save fuel and reduce pollution. For every 10% reduction in the quality of a car, fuel consumption can be reduced by 8%-10% and exhaust emissions can be reduced by 10%.
In terms of driving, the car's lightweight performance is improved, and vehicle control stability, noise, and vibration are also improved. From the perspective of collision safety, after the vehicle is lightened, the inertia is small during the collision and the braking distance is reduced.
The preferred way to reduce the weight of a car is to replace traditional automotive materials (steel) with lightweight materials such as aluminum, magnesium, and titanium. In 2009, the amount of titanium used in automobiles worldwide has reached 3,000 tons. Titanium has been used in racing cars for many years. At present, almost all of the cars are made of titanium. The titanium used in Japanese cars has exceeded 600 tons. With the development of the global automotive industry, titanium for automobiles is increasing rapidly.